Name of the monetary unit
The name of the monetary unit the kuna comes from the Croatian word for marten, an animal living in the Croatian woods, whose pelts were used as a means of trade, that is, functioned as money.
Motifs on the obverse and reverse of the banknotes
The banknote design is by Miroslav Šutej, Šimun Šutej and Vilko Žiljak. Each banknote has its main colour. The obverse of the banknotes features a leading figure of Croatian history and culture, while the 5 kuna banknote bears an image of two Croatian noblemen related by blood. The reverse of all banknotes shows a panorama or a typical Croatian town motif.
5 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan
REVERSE: Varaždin Castle • main colour: green
10 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Juraj Dobrila
REVERSE: Arena in Pula • main colour: purple
20 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Josip Jelačić
REVERSE: Vučedol dove and the Caste of Count Eltz in Vukovar • main colour: orange-red
50 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Ivan Gundulić
REVERSE: Dubrovnik • main colour: blue
100 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Ivan Mažuranić
REVERSE: Church of St. Vitus in Rijeka • main colour: light brown
200 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Stjepan Radić
REVERSE: building of the general headquarters in Osijek, 1726 • main colour: brown
500 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Marko Marulić
REVERSE: Diocletian's Palace in Split and the figure of a Croatian ruler • main colour: greenish
1000 kuna banknote
OBVERSE: Ante Starčević
REVERSE: monument to King Tomislav and the Zagreb cathedral • main colours: red and blue
The banknotes' appearance and features have been slightly altered over the twenty years that they have been in use: the 10 kuna banknote's main colour has been changed to grey and most of the banknotes have been improved by new security features. Therefore, in addition to the issues from 1993, the improved 2001, 2004 and 2012 and 2014 issues are now also in circulation.
Signatures on the banknotes
The date of issue of the banknote and the facsimile signature of the Governor are printed on the reverse of the banknotes, in the upper right corner. Valid kuna banknotes may bear the signatures of Pero Jurković and Željko Rohatinski, the former Governors, or of Boris Vujčić, the current Governor of the Croatian National Bank. Notwithstanding the signature they bear, all banknotes have the same value.