General government debt statistics for September 2022

Published: 30/12/2022

According to the final data of government finance statistics for the third quarter of 2022, the total consolidated debt of all general government sub-sectors[1] reached HRK 344.2bn at the end of September 2022, up by HRK 0.5bn (or 0.1%) from the end of June 2022 and down by HRK 1.3bn (or 0.4%) from the end of September 2021. The annual decrease in debt was due to a combination of a decrease in the external debt of HRK 8.1bn (or 7.0%) and an increase in the domestic debt of HRK 6.9bn (or 3.0%). Domestic debt rose by HRK 4.8bn (or 2.1%), and external debt fell by HRK 4.3bn (or 3.8%) compared to the end of the previous quarter.

Measured against the annual GDP[2], the share of debt in GDP continues to fall for the sixth consecutive quarter and is even recording a lower value than that at the end of the first quarter of 2020, i.e. at the moment just before the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic began adversely affecting this measure. The total debt at the end of September 2022 amounted to 70.4% of GDP, a decrease of 11.1 percentage points on an annual basis from 81.5% of GDP at the end of September 2021 and a decrease of 2.7 percentage points from the end of the previous quarter, when this share stood at 73.1%.

The general government debt structure by main debt instruments and maturity is available only on an unconsolidated basis[3]. Long-term debt instruments dominate the maturity structure of unconsolidated debt: at the end of September 2022 most of this debt was made up of bonds (65.3%), the second by importance were long-term loans (29.4%), and last were short-term loans, securities and deposits (jointly 5.4%). The short-term debt components decreased by HRK 2.8bn (or 13.2%) on an annual basis from the end of September 2021 to the end of September 2022, while the long-term debt components increased by HRK 1.8bn (or 0.5%) during the same period.

Statistical time series: Table I3 General government debt (ESA 2010)


  1. This debt excludes the cross claims of institutions within the same sub-sector and between sectors, the so-called Maastricht debt.

  2. Calculated as the sum of the preceding four quarterly GDP figures.

  3. The unconsolidated debt represents the Maastricht debt increased by cross claims of different units within the general government sector.