Capital conservation buffer

Published: 7/6/2024
The capital conservation buffer has been introduced as compulsory at the level of the whole of the EU by the EU Capital Requirements Directive as the first line of defence of minimum capital requirements in the case that credit institutions' losses start eroding their capital.

It sits on top of the 8% minimum own funds requirement and is maintained at the level of 2.5% of the total amount of risk exposure, which credit institutions are obligated to maintain in the form of common equity tier 1 capital. In contrast to other capital buffers, whose rates are calibrated by relevant national authorities, the rate of the capital conservation buffer was taken over from the Basel agreement and set out in the EU Capital Requirements Directive.

In Croatia, the requirement to maintain the capital conservation buffer at the rate of 2.5% is set out in Article 117 of the Credit Institutions Act. If an increase in the intensity of systemic risk within the financial system is identified, which could have severe negative implications for its stability and the economy of the Republic of Croatia, the CNB is authorised to raise the buffer rate above the prescribed level.